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Columbia, Richland County, South Carolina, United States (34.00075 -81.03433)

About this map

Name: Columbia topographic map, elevation, relief.
Coordinates: 33.94325 -81.17098 34.13160 -80.70382
Minimum elevation: 26 m
Maximum elevation: 199 m
Average elevation: 88 m


One of Columbia's more prominent geographical features is its fall line, the boundary between the upland Piedmont region and the Atlantic Coastal Plain, across which rivers drop as falls or rapids. Columbia grew up at the fall line of the Congaree River, which is formed by the convergence of the Broad River and the Saluda River. The Congaree was the farthest inland point of river navigation. The energy of falling water also powered Columbia's early mills. The city has capitalized on this location which includes three rivers by christening itself "The Columbia Riverbanks Region". Columbia is located roughly halfway between the Atlantic Ocean and the Blue Ridge Mountains and sits at an elevation of around 292 ft (89 m).

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