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California, United States of America (36.70146 -118.75600)
A topographic map of California
California's mountains produce rain shadows on the eastern side, creating extensive deserts. The higher elevation deserts of eastern California have hot summers and cold winters, while the low deserts east of the Southern California mountains have hot summers and nearly frostless mild winters. Death Valley, a desert with large expanses below sea level, is considered the hottest location in the world; the highest temperature in the world, 134 °F (56.7 °C), was recorded there on July 10, 1913. The lowest temperature in California was −45 °F (−43 °C) in 1937 in Boca.
Because California has the greatest diversity of climate and terrain, the state has six life zones which are the lower Sonoran (desert); upper Sonoran (foothill regions and some coastal lands), transition (coastal areas and moist northeastern counties); and the Canadian, Hudsonian, and Arctic Zones, comprising the state's highest elevations.
The high elevations of the Canadian zone allow the Jeffrey pine, red fir, and lodgepole pine to thrive. Brushy areas are abundant with dwarf manzanita and ceanothus; the unique Sierra puffball is also found here. Right below the timberline, in the Hudsonian zone, the whitebark, foxtail, and silver pines grow. At about 10,500 feet (3,200 m), begins the Arctic zone, a treeless region whose flora include a number of wildflowers, including Sierra primrose, yellow columbine, alpine buttercup, and alpine shooting star.
Westlake Village, Los Angeles County, California, United States of America (34.14602 -118.80618)
Coordinates: 34.11019 -118.85643 34.16822 -118.78890 - Minimum elevation: 790 ft - Maximum elevation: 2,425 ft - Average elevation: 1,171 ft
South San Francisco, San Mateo County, California, 94080, United States of America (37.65495 -122.40813)
Coordinates: 37.63392 -122.47188 37.67313 -122.22053 - Minimum elevation: -17 ft - Maximum elevation: 1,930 ft - Average elevation: 157 ft